World heritage sites

Fars province, the birth place of The Persian Empire, boasts four UNESCO World Heritage sites


The existence of four sites such as: Pasargarde, Persepolis, Eram Garden, as well as historical cities of Anshan and Malian, along with many more historical sites, make Fars province the perfect destination!

Persepolis

Persepolis is one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of the half of the first millennium B.C, and was created by the able hands of ancient artists

Construction

The construction of Persepolis began during the reign of Darius I(486-552 B.C.) around 518 B.C., and continued under his son Xerxes I (465-552 B.C.) and his grandson Artaxerxes I (425-464 B.C.). The building operations of this magnificent ensemble went on for around two centuires 

The Gate Of  All Nations

The construction of the Stairs of all Nations and the Gate of All Nations was ordered by the Achaemenid king Xerxes, the son and successor of the founder of Persepolis, Darius the first.

The Entrance of the Gate of All Nations was protected by bulls (front) and mythological creatures, called Iamasssus, bulls with the head of a bearded man.

The general idea behind these fantasy animals is that they warded off evil, which explains why they were standing at a  gate.

Once The Richest City On Earth

The glittering capital of the Achaemenid Empire. At the heart of the city lay the royal palace- a wonder of gold and silver, ivory and precious stones. From there, Xerxes planned his war against Greece – and the treasure of a vast empire piled up in the store-rooms.


The Burning of Persepolis

In 330 BCE, Persepolis was captured by Alexander of Macedon. Before he left the city, he ordered the palace burned to the ground – whether through drunken malice or sober calculation, it is impossible to be sure. Today, the haunting, spectacual ruins of Persepolis reveal both the glory of the Achaemenid Empire, and abruptness of its passing.

Eram Gardens

Eram Botanical Garden, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is one of the most beautiful and monumental Persian Gardens. It’s history goes back to the period of the Saljuq Dynasty (A.D. 1194-1038)

Construction

Although no one is quite sure when construction of the gardens began, historical evidence suggests that the gardens were built during the Seljuk Dynasty under the rule of one of it’s most celebrated monarchs, Ahmad Sanjar. Like many other attractions in Shiraz, the Eram Gardens have been restored and repaired by the Zand kings of the Zand Dynasty (1750-1794). 

The Interior 

Since its construction and until the late 18th century, it was predominantly used by the local rulers and Persian monarchs. 

The main building of the garden consists of three stories; In the basement one can see a beautiful small pond while on the second floor, at the center of the building is a large porch with two high standing pillars. 

The beautiful three-story structure was constructed based on the Safavid and Qajar styles of architecture, and includes tiles inscribed with poems from the famed Shirazy poet Hafez

Pasargarde

In the year 550 B.C., Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Dynasty, and in the heart of Pars (Fars), Pasargade became the capital of the history’s first ever Great Empire

Cyrus the Great

The most glorious and beautiful masterpiece in Pasargadae complex, is the tomb of Cyrus the great which is still standing firm and stable after 25 centuries. The structure itself is made up of a seven-stepped rectangular platform. After Cyrus was slain in battle (530 B.C.), his body was mummified and placed in a golden bed among precious royal objects with his weapons. At the time and for centuries after, people thought that no human being could erect such a monument from large boulders.

Passer-by, I am Cyrus, who gave the Persians an empire, and was king of Asia.Grudge me not therefore this monument.

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